Black Hawk War Battlegrounds (TC7ZI)
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Black Hawk War Battlegrounds (TC7ZI)
Black Hawk War Battlegrounds by Wugo II.
In Wisconsin, United States
Posted: 6/06/06
Weather Forecast
25  ft 0 ft 0% 0% 0%
0.2 0 0 Virtual Large
CC!        4.727 13 4/20/14 17:40
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The man known to whites as Black Hawk was born Ma-ka-tai-me-she-kia-kiak (Black Sparrow Hawk) in the year 1767. He learned to hunt and fish at an early age. By the age of fifteen, Black Hawk had become a "brave." To become a "brave" he needed to kill or injure an enemy in battle. Later, fighting with the Osage Indians, he earned the title of WAR CHIEF. (Black Hawk was not a tribal chief.)

Black Hawk was strong and independent minded. As a young man, he recognized the dangers of alcohol and decided never to drink the "fire water." He went against another Sauk custom of marrying more than one woman. Black Hawk married young and remained loyal to his wife, Asshewaqua (Singing Bird) throughout his life. Most successful warriors married several women.

When the war of 1812 erupted between Great Britain and the United States, Black Hawk (who had remained friendly to the English), decided to fight on their side. Another broken promise by America strengthened his decision. The Americans said they would furnish the Sauk with supplies to help them survive. No supplies were ever sent by the government.

Saying " I have fought the Big Knives and will continue to fight them till they are off our lands," Black Hawk went on attacking the Americans even after the war with Britain was over.

By 1821 lead mining brought floods of white settlers to northwestern Illinois and southwestern Wisconsin. By 1828 the Sauk and the Fox tribes were forced from their lands and driven across the Mississippi River. In the spring after a snub by President Andrew Jackson, Black Hawk decided to return across the river and reclaim his land. Although Black Hawk and his braves bothered no one, Governor John Reynolds called out the Militia.

The Winnebagos and other tribes in the area, fearing the militia, refused to let Black Hawk stay. Reluctantly, he returned to Iowa.

Meanwhile, the militia was approaching. Black Hawk sent five warriors to tell the militia that his people wanted to peacefully retreat across the Mississippi. All of the warriors were immediately taken prisoner. Black Hawk sent more warriors to see what happened. They were attacked and two warriors were killed. The militia set out after the rest of Black Hawk's people. They were ambushed by Black Hawk and forty of his braves. Eleven of the militia and three of the warriors were killed before the militia broke and ran.

The Black Hawk war had begun. Winnebago and Potawatomi warriors joined Black Hawk and the raided villages and farms through northern Illinois and southern Wisconsin. At Ottawa, Illinois, they shot, tomahawked and mutilated the bodies of fifteen settlers and kidnapped two teenaged girls. ( The girls were later released ). These attacks created widespread panic among the white settlers and thousands fled the area.

Black Hawk still trying to get across the Mississippi, decided to travel through the Wisconsin wilderness. On July 21, 1832, the troops finally caught up with Black Hawk's rear guard near present-day Sauk City, Wisconsin. The ensuing battle, The Battle of Wisconsin Heights, cost the lives of five warriors and one soldier. The soldiers leery of an ambush let the Sauk slip away an escape.

This is a virtual cache commemorating the Battle of Wisconsin Heights. The Confirmation Code needed to claim this VTC is the date the marker was erected.

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